Supplement of essential Vitamin B1 (Thiamine).
Thiamine hydrochloride 125 mg/mL
Features and Benefits
VITAMIN B1 INJECTION provides the essential vitamin Thiamine.
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) plays an important role in the metabolism of
carbohydrates, and energy production for all cells. Thiamine is most important in the breakdown of pyruvic acid, a waste product in hard working muscles, along with lactic acid. In any situation where carbohydrates are the major energy source, or when glucose is added to the diet, thiamine requirement is increased significantly. Thiamine is essential as part of the coenzyme which is involved in the breakdown of glucose for energy.
Thiamine, in conjunction with Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) is essential in the
metabolism of proteins and amino acids. Thiamine has effects on all tissues.
The most sensitive are nerves, stomach and heart.
Free Thiamine cannot be stored in the body, and it is rapidly absorbed from the intestine or blood, as well as from injection sites. Like all B Complex vitamins, Thiamine is water soluble, so it is rapidly absorbed and excreted from the body, and requires regular supplementation, especially in hard working animals when dietary input will probably not be sufficient.
Thiamine is found in both meat and cereal products. Small amounts are
manufactured in the gut, as long as horses are not under stress. Thiamine in food is destroyed by cooking. Beef loses up to 75% of its Thiamine when
High doses of Thiamine are reported to help calm nervous or over exciteable horses.
Clinical signs of Thiamine deficiency include fatigue, muscle weakness, loss
of appetite and increased heart rate. (This may be an important factor in
endurance horses fed high grain diets). Many of these signs can be traced
back to increased tissue levels of lactic and pyruvic acids. Nerve cells are
particularly dependant on carbohydrate metabolism, and normal nerve function is greatly effected by increased levels of these acids during hard work.
Dosage and Administration
Give 5 - 10 mL by intramuscular injection regularly twice weekly, or as advised by a veterinary surgeon.
VITAMIN B1 can be safely used with all Nature Vet products. For added
calming effect, consider TRANQUIL paste or MANNERS powder in addition to Vitamin B1 injection.
100 mL sterile injection for intramuscular or intravenous injection.
Store below 25o C (air conditioning). Protect from light (always store in box).
APVMA Approval Number
Is best known for its ability to calm nervous
horses when given in large doses. B1 is
readily absorbed from the intestine, so may
also be given in oral (paste or powder)
Consider TRANQUIL Paste, or MANNERS
POWDER in combination with VITAMIN B1
injection if nervous or exciteable horses
require more effective calming, or if travelling
horses do not settle well.
The ?¢‚Ç¨?ìbolus?¢‚Ç¨? effect of injections immediately
prior to conditions which may excite a horse
can assist in calming them. Those horses on
high grain diets in particular, may benefit from
additional VITAMIN B1.
Thiamine is available in powder form in the
Nature Vet product THIASAL E.